Euphoria is defined as a condition in which an individual experiences intense feelings of well-being, happiness, content, excitement, and delight.
A person can experience euphoria for several reasons. It is something that can occur naturally, as well as a result of various disorders, diseases, and conditions. Some of the causes for experiencing euphoria naturally include: meditation, a spiritual experience, an athletic win or success, orgasm, and more. Euphoria induced by these types of situations tends to be fleeting, dissipating after a few moments.
Regular periods of euphoria and/or feeling euphoria for extended lengths of time isn’t considered natural and is typically a result of an underlying condition, disease, or disorder. Common causes of euphoria in this sense include: drug or alcohol use, bipolar disorder, head injuries, hyperthyroidism, and other various conditions including anxiety and Alzheimer’s disease.
There are several symptoms associated with euphoria. Symptoms are dependent upon the underlying condition causing euphoria and will vary amongst different people. Common symptoms of euphoria include:
There are also several coexisting symptoms that sometimes occur with euphoria. These depend on what is causing an individual’s euphoria and typically include:
Treatment for euphoria depends on what is causing it. Other factors including the age of the patient, any coexisting conditions, medical history, and more will also determine treatment used to treat euphoria. A multidisciplinary approach is usually taken to treat euphoria that may include medication, psychotherapy, and more.
For individuals who experience euphoria due to drug or alcohol use, a supervised medical detox in a rehab facility is the first step of treatment. Patients are then urged to continue with therapy and other various treatments beneficial to overcoming substance abuse and addiction.
While there is no treatment that can stop the progression of Alzheimer’s disease, there are certain medications that can help symptoms of euphoria in patients that experience it. Medication is used to help cognitive functioning, as well as to help moderate extreme emotions and mood swings.
Those who experience euphoria caused by hyperthyroidism are typically treated with thyroid medication. In extreme cases, a person’s thyroid may need to be removed altogether.
Individuals who have suffered a head injury or have epilepsy are usually referred to a neurologist or neurosurgeon. There are several different medications that can help people who experience euphoria for these conditions.
Alcohol causes euphoria by triggering certain endorphins in the brain. The rush of chemicals that are released in the pleasure centre of a person’s brain when they drink produces not only feelings of well-being, but also stimulates the brain’s reward system.
It can be. A person who suffers from manic depression may experience feelings of euphoria during the manic stage of an episode. It can also be seen in other psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia.
Heightened euphoria is when euphoria becomes exaggerated, resulting in an abnormal degree of contentment, happiness, or well-being that is far more intense than felt in normal circumstances.
Euphoria, Right Diagnosis
Euphoria, Encyclopaedia Britannica
Euphoria Symptoms and Signs, Melissa Conrad Stöppler, MD, Medicinenet