Mental health indicates an individual’s behavioural, emotional, and cognitive function. Mental health is the way a person acts, behaves, feels, and thinks. Mental health is what is responsible for a person’s overall wellbeing and affects every part of their life. Mental health can even affect a person’s physical health.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) defines mental health as “a state of wellbeing in which the individual realises his or her own abilities, can cope with the normal stress of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is able to make a contribution to his or her community.”
A mental health condition is often referred to as mental illness. A mental health condition can affect a person’s behaviour, mood, and overall sense of wellbeing. Having a mental health condition can make it difficult to function normally in everyday activities, as well as hard to interact with other people.
There are several things that can negatively affect a person’s mental health. A mental health condition is typically caused by several different factors, rather than one thing. Common factors that affect mental health include: genetics, environment, and lifestyle. Repeated exposure to stress at home or work and experiencing traumatic events can both lead to a decline in mental health. Mental health can also be affected by basic brain function and biochemical processes.
There are several common mental health conditions that affect countless individuals worldwide. Approximately 1 in 5 individuals suffer from some type of mental health issue at least once in their life. Mental health disorders are one of the leading causes of disability throughout the world.
Common types of mental health disorders include:
While it isn’t always easy to know if a person has developed a mental health condition or problem, there are definitive signs that point to a decline in mental health. Some of the most common signs and symptoms of mental health problems include:
While most people will experience some problems with mental health in their lifetime, recurring mental health problems that are persistent or won’t go away on their own often require treatment. The treatment a person receives is dependent upon the mental health problems they are experiencing.
Some of the most common mental health treatments include:
Mental health problems such as anxiety or depression can impact a person’s physical health and lead to problems such as heart disease and reduce the strength of the immune system. Ulcers and colitis can also be a result of a decline in mental health. Individuals with poor mental health are more susceptible to developing conditions as mild as the common cold, to diseases such as cancer.
A mental illness will affect a person’s mental health. Mental illness can negatively impact a person’s mood, the way they feel, and how the interact with others. A decline in mental health can lead to mental illness.
It is believed that 1 in 4 people will be affected with a mental health problem at some point in their life. Approximately 450 million people around the world suffer from some type of mental health condition.